UN Photo/Kibae Park
An array of motorbikes crossing Long Bien Bridge on the Red River in Hanoi, Viet Nam
Environmental health deals with water, air and soil pollution, healthcare waste, chemical safety, the health impact of development projects in terms of the associated agents, pollutants and other factors affecting human health. Activities in environmental health are targeted towards preventing disease and creating a health-supportive environment.
Urban outdoor air pollution is estimated to cause 1.3 million deaths worldwide each year. Those living in middle-income countries disproportionately experience this burden. Indoor air pollution is estimated to cause approximately 2 million premature deaths, mostly in developing countries. Almost half of these deaths are due to pneumonia in children under 5 years of age.