Leadership and governance involve ensuring strategic policy frameworks exist and are combined with effective oversight, coalition-building, regulation, attention to system-design and accountability.
In the context of health governance (or stewardship) refers to the wide range of functions carried out by governments to improve population health while ensuring equity in access to services, quality of services, and patients' rights. Governance is also concerned with the roles and responsibilities of the public, private and voluntary sectors - including civil society - and their relationships with each other in pursuit of national health goals.
Documents and publications
Western Pacific Regional Strategy for Health Systems Based on the Values of Primary Health Care
World Health Report 2000 - Health systems: improving performance (Chapter 6: How is the public interest protected)