Condoms save lives and are a means to safer sex. When used consistently and correctly, they provide protection against the transmission of HIV and several other sexually transmitted infections (STI) including hepatitis. They can also prevent unwanted pregnancies.
Condoms are the most cost-effective way to prevent the transmission of HIV and other STI through sex. The promotion of condom use is an essential component of any HIV and STI prevention programme.
In the Asia Pacific region, a key factor in the sexual transmission of HIV and STI is the low level of condom use including among youth and key populations. Key populations are at highest risk for HIV and STI. These include sex workers (whether male, female or transgender), their clients, men who have sex with men, transgender people and their partners, as well as people who inject drugs and their sexual partners.