On 1 February 2016, the World Health Organization announced that the recent cluster of neurological disorders and neonatal malformations reported in the Americas region constitutes a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC).
Zika virus has affected many Pacific Island Countries and Areas (PICs) since it was first introduced in 2007. The WHO Representative Office in the South Pacific is working closely with PICs currently affected by Zika as well as other areas that are at risk of Zika transmission due to the presence of the mosquitoes which can spread the virus from one person to another if it is introduced into the area.
Pacific Island Countries and Areas (PICs) with reported or indication of local Zika virus transmission
Local transmission means that mosquitoes in the area have been infected with Zika virus and are spreading it to people. It is expected that Zika virus will continue to spread and it may be difficult to determine how and where the virus will spread over time. Since November 2015, there has been reported or indication of local Zika virus transmission in the following destinations in the Pacific islands countries and territories:
- American Samoa
- Marshall Islands
- Micronesia (Federated States of)
- New Caledonia
- Zika virus disease is caused by a virus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes.
- People with Zika virus disease usually have symptoms that can include mild fever, skin rashes, conjunctivitis, muscle and joint pain, malaise or headache. These symptoms normally last for 2-7 days.
- There is no specific treatment or vaccine currently available.
- The best form of prevention is protection against mosquito bites.
- The virus is known to circulate in Africa, the Americas, Asia and the Pacific.
Latest news, updates and stories
- Publications, technical guidance on Zika virus
- WHO Zika Strategic Response Framework
- WHO/PAHO (Region of the Americas)Zika virus
- Microcephaly/Zika virus
- Prevention of potential sexual transmission of Zika virus
- Zika virus disease
- Preliminary guidance for the surveillance of microcephaly in newborns in settings with risk of Zika virus circulation Jan 21 2016
- Zika virus infection: Step by step guide on Risk Communication & Community Engagement
- Zika virus Surveillance in the Americas: Interim guidance for laboratory detection and diagnosis; 2015
- Maintaining a safe and adequate blood supply during Zika virus outbreaks
- Handbook for Integrated Vector Management
Other technical guidance and links
- US CDC Zika virus homepage
- US CDC: Interim Guidelines for Prevention of Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus — United States, 2016
- US CDC: Interim Guidelines for the Evaluation and Testing of Infants with Possible Congenital Zika Virus Infection
- US CDC: Update: Interim Guideline for Health Care Providers Caring for Pregnant Women and Women of Reproductive Age with Possible Zika Virus Exposure – United States, 2016
- Secretariat of the Pacific Community Zika virus monitoring