Pacific syndromic surveillance report

Week 16, ending 20th April, 2014

The following syndromes have been flagged:

  • Acute fever and rash: Marshall Islands, Tonga
  • Influenza-like Illness: Solomon Islands
  • Prolonged fever: Federated States of Micronesia, Solomon Islands, Fiji
  • Diarrhoea: Samoa, Solomon Islands

Other updates

Dengue

  • As of 18 April 2014, 754 cases have been reported in Solomon Islands since January 2014.Twenty six samples were sent to the Institut Louis Malardé (ILM), French Polynesia of which nine were dengue serotype-3.
  • Tuvalu is experiencing a dengue outbreak with twenty-two confirmed RDT (NS1) cases out of 98 samples tested as of 24 April 2014.
  • As of 20th April 2014, Vanuatu reports a total of 1561 dengue cases since the start of the outbreak in the first week of January. Five cases were reported for the week ending April 20, 2014.
  • Nauru reports an increase in Dengue-like illnesses including three cases from the detention centre.
  • French Polynesia is currently facing a dengue epidemic. As of 17 April 2014 the total number of positive cases of dengue reported since February 2013 is 1,950. Of the 33 samples tested (PCR) in March; 32 were dengue serotype-1 and one was dengue serotype-three.
  • As of 24 April 2014 there have been 219 cases of dengue in New Caledonia since 1 September 2013.

Zika virus

  • New Caledonia – As of 14 April, 2014 there have been 852 confirmed cases of zika virus since 25 November 2013.
  • French Polynesia is reaching the end of the zika epidemic with more than 8,700 cases reported by health professionals in five months.
  • Cook Islands reports 29 dengue-like illness cases for week ending 20 April 2014. There have been 888 cases from 13 February to 20 April 2014. Zika virus has recently been identified in samples sent to the ILM, French Polynesia.

Solomon Islands post flooding

  • From 12-16 April 2014, a post-disaster early warning surveillance and response network (EWARN) was implemented in Honiara and affected areas of Guadalcanal Province to quickly identify and respond to disease outbreaks. Since the floods, increasing number of diarrhoea cases have been reported of which 7% were hospitalised for bloody diarrhoea. The causative agent for the bloody diarrhoea has not been determined. For more information regarding the flash floods please refer to http://www.wpro.who.int/mediacentre/multimedia/photos/features/pf_20140421/en/
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