Reproductive health has broadened since the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) held in Cairo, Egypt in 1994. Reproductive health now includes, among others, family planning, safe motherhood, women's health care, prevention and treatment of infertility and prevention of unsafe sex and unsafe abortion and management of its consequences. However, due to limited resources and capacity, it is important to prioritize issues to address reproductive health according to the specific situation of each country and area. Making pregnancy safer and family planning are the priority issues that need to be addressed.
The five areas of reproductive health services include:
- Improving antenatal, perinatal, postpartum and newborn care
- Providing high-quality service for family planning, including infertility
- Eliminate unsafe abortion
- Combating sexual transmitted infections including HIV, reproductive tract infections, cervical cancer and other gynaecological morbidity
- Promoting sexual health