Based on UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic 2010, the Philippines is one of the seven countries where new cases increased by more than 25% from 2001 to 2009.
Infectious diseases outbreaks
Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi. The diseases can be spread, directly or indirectly, from one person to another. Zoonotic diseases are infectious diseases of animals that can cause disease when transmitted to humans.
The Philippines continues to witness outbreaks of emerging infectious diseases, including epidemic-prone communicable diseases such as dengue, cholera, typhoid and leptospirosis. Dengue especially, has become a serious public health problem, imposing a significant burden on hospitals and other health care services.
The most common disease outbreaks are food-borne diseases like cholera, salmonellosis and shigellosis. Meanwhile, the Philippines continues to face health security threats from newly emerging diseases.