Maintaining Mongolia as a Polio-free country
The polio outbreaks in Tajikistan and subsequent polio cases in Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation in 2010 posed a significant threat of wild polio virus importation to Mongolia.
In 2011, China experienced the importation of wild polio virus in the Xinjiang Autonomous Uygur Region, bordering on south-west Mongolia.
In response to these events, WHO, together with other partners, has been supporting the Government of Mongolia to take firm action to prevent the possible importation of the virus into the country.
Mongolia developed a national contingency and preparedness plan for wild polio virus importation, aiming at maintaining high population immunity against poliomyelitis, timely detection of the infection through surveillance and rapid response to any adverse events.
The National Immunization Programme conducted risk assessment to identify high-risk areas and carried out an awareness campaign among the general public and health professionals, while strengthening acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance through supportive supervision and also improved laboratory capacity. The country carried out two rounds of supplementary immunization campaigns for oral polio vaccine (OPV), covering children aged 5 months to 5 years in late 2010 and early 2011. The overall coverage was 92%.
Mongolia’s performance of Acute Flaccid Paralysis surveillance meets WHO targets and the National Poliomyelitis Laboratory is fully accredited by the Regional Poliomyelitis Laboratory Network.