Testing and counselling
Increased availability of services, such as medical tests and counselling, is crucial because the majority of the people living with AIDS are unaware of their status. Early detection provides individuals with an opportunity to access treatment, thereby reducing the risks of HIV spread to their partners.
ART as prevention strategy
Evidence from various studies shows the benefits of antiretroviral therapy as a prevention strategy. A 2010 guidance document issued by WHO promotes earlier use of ART to help people living with HIV stay healthier and live longer. Earlier treatment could also significantly reduce the number of new HIV infections. The impact of medicines on the viral load is understood as the mechanism to significantly decrease the transmission of the virus.