STIs Remain a Global Threat
About one million STIs including HIV are acquired each day. They cause acute morbidity, chronic illness and serious consequences such as infertility, ectopic pregnancy, cervical cancer, urethral strictures and untimely death of infants and adults. They increase the risk of acquiring or transmitting HIV infection. STI prevention and control is an important HIV prevention strategy. It is also an integral component of reproductive health. Controlling STIs, which account for more than 17 percent of economic losses caused by ill-health in developing countries, has a diverse impact on the delivery of health services to adolescent reproductive health, maternal, neonatal and child health, and on sexual and reproductive health. Thus, STI provides an important inter-phase to link HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health programmes.