Sok Chantha a former sex worker in Cambodia was devastated when he discovered that he was HIV positive in 2011. Not wanting to believe he had the virus, he went for testing a few more times before finally accepting that he had HIV and starting treatment.
Testing and counselling is the essential first step for people to learn their HIV status and a gateway to access prevention, treatment and care services. However, in Asia, less than half of all people currently living with HIV know their HIV status. For people from key populations like Chantha (men who have sex with men (MSM), transgender people, people who inject drugs and sex workers and their clients, people in prisons and other closed settings), knowledge of their HIV status can be even less.
China, May 2015 – China is determined to move forward to triple elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, syphilis and hepatitis B. Implemented in Yunnan province, one of the provinces most affected by HIV in China, this case study presents the expansion of national pilot programme from 2005 to 2009 and accelerated efforts for an "integrated prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, syphilis and hepatitis B (iPMTCT)” from 2010 to 2012.
“We started seeing more and more HIV positive men who have sex with men, they were getting younger and younger, a profile very different from MSM in the past,” said Dr Annie. “We had to conceptualize a clinic customized for the new patient profile. We realized we also had to address the big discrepancy between the numbers of those diagnosed and those accessing treatment. That’s how we started our RITM Clinic situated in Malate, Manila’s gay enclave at the time.”
As countries commit to and progress towards the elimination of parents-to-child transmission (EPTCT) of HIV and syphilis, validating elimination is now necessary. Moves are underway in Asia-Pacific to set up a validation mechanism based on global guidelines developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA and UNAIDS. Agencies working on EPTCT in the region met on November 10, 2014 in Bangkok, Thailand, to discuss next steps, regional and country activities and to learn valuable lessons from pilot exercises in Asia-Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean.
Antiretroviral therapy (ART)
400 000people were receiving ART in the Western Pacific Region as of December 2013More on ART
58%coverage of HIV infected pregnant women in the region in 2013More on PMTCT
13 200children below the age of 15 years were on ART in the Region in 2013More HIV/AIDS data & statistics