HIV/AIDS in the Region
In the Western Pacific, the estimated number of people living with HIV (PLHIV) reached 1.4 million in 2012, up from 1.2 million in 2007 and 740 000 in 2001. While the region is making progress in the fight to combat HIV, challenges remain in relation to health promotion and ensuring access to services. Cambodia, China, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, and Viet Nam together make up more than 90% of the regional HIV burden, based on 2012 country estimates.
HIV prevalence in Asia and the Pacific remains low at 0.1%. The slight drop in new infections from 120 000 in 2001 to 110 000 in 2012 indicates the epidemic is stabilising and prevention efforts are making headway. Among children, new infections dropped from 3700 in 2001 to 2800 in 2012. WHO is scaling up efforts to ensure access to HIV services for women and children and action on Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) strategies, to eliminate paediatric HIV infections in the region.