HIV/AIDS

Country profiles on HIV/AIDS

Viet Nam


HIV cases have been reported nationwide in Viet Nam with an estimated HIV prevalence of 0.4 percent in the adult population in 2013. The epidemic is concentrated in key populations. The highest prevalence was observed among people who inject drugs followed by sex workers and men having sex with men.

Core HIV and AIDS epidemic and response data

Indicator 2001 2007 2011 2012 2013
No. PLHIV
Total 160 000 230 000 250 000 250 000 250 000
Adults 160 000 220 000 240 000 240 000 240 000
Women (15+) 51 000 62 000 66 000 66 000 67 000
Children < 15 years ... 4 000 5 000 5 000 5 000
Space
No. new infection 31 000 21 000 17 000 15 000 14 000
AIDS related deaths 5 500 16 000 12 000 12 000 12 000
Space
HIV prevalence (%)
Adult 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Key Populations (a)
PWID 29.4 18.8 13.4 11.6
FSW 4.7 3.9 3 2.7 2.6
MSM n/a n/a 4.6 2.5 3.7
Space
No. people on ART
Total 17 345 60 924 72 711 82 687
Children n/a 930 3 261 3 828 4 204
ART coverage (%) 33.0
Space
No. receiving ARV for PMTCT 744 1 707 1 880 1 664 (b)
PMTCT coverage (%) 44.0 (b) 47.4 (b) 57.0 (b)

(a) From HSS+ 2001 – 2007, 2012;
(b) Country reported.

Sources and notes:

WHO/UNAIDS estimates 2014, and GARPR reporting 2012-2014, unless otherwise indicated.

Legend: PLHIV people living with HIV; PWID - people who inject drugs; FSW female sex workers; MSM men who have sex with men; ARV antiretroviral drugs; ART antiretroviral therapy; PMTCT prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV

Last update:
3 December 2014