Country profiles on HIV/AIDS

Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea is the largest of the 22 Pacific Island states and territories and has a disproportionately large share of reported HIV diagnoses, seeing over 95% of HIV cases in the Pacific. The HIV epidemic in Papua New Guinea was classified as a generalized epidemic until 2004, after HIV prevalence decreased from 1.3% in 2000 to below 1%. An estimated 37 000 people were living with HIV in 2015. HIV infection is concentrated among key populations, including men who have sex with men and sex.


All data from the databases below unless otherwise stated
AIDSInfo. Geneva: UNAIDS
Global AIDS response progress reporting [online database]. Geneva: https//
Tuberculosis data [online database]. Geneva. World Health Organisation, 2015:

ARV = antiretroviral
ART = antiretroviral therapy
FSW = female sex workers
MSM = men who have sex with men
PMTCT = prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV
PLHIV = people living with HIV
PWID = people who inject drugs
VL = viral load