HIV/AIDS

Country profiles on HIV/AIDS

Philippines


The Philippines has recorded a slow HIV epidemic at the start of HIV pandemic. From 1984 to 2006, there was a steady increase where, in the later years, the number of cases detected per year has increased dramatically. According to the recent estimation and projection, the Philippines is one of the countries in the world where the estimated HIV incidence has risen more than 25% since 2001. Indeed, recent estimates and newly available data collected among MSM in Manila indicate that the country’s low-level epidemic is growing and may become concentrated in the near future. Moreover, the mode of transmission among reported cases has shifted towards a higher proportion reporting male-to-male sex, from 30% among cumulative cases to 50% among cases reported in 2012. This reflects a trend observed since about 2004.

WHO has been proactive in supporting the Department of Health (DOH) in the health sector response to HIV in the country, including surveillance, intervention among key populations and capacity building for the health care workers. In 2013, WHO supported the DOH to conduct health sector HIV programme review, which is part of a joint mid- term external evaluation of the 5th AIDS Medium Term Plan supported by UNAIDS.

Core HIV and AIDS epidemic and response data

Indicator 2001 2007 2011 2012
No. PLHIV
Total 5 400 7 600 13 000 15 000
Adults 5 100 7 200 13 000 14 000
Adult prev. % <0.1 <0.1 <0.1 <0.1
Women (15+) 2 300 2 000 2 100 2 200
Children < 15 years
No. new infection <1 000 <1 000 1 800 1 800
AIDS related deaths <500 <500 <500 <500
% HIV key populations (a)
PWID (% HIV) (1 site) 0.4 53.2
FSW (% HIV) (10 sites) 0.05 0.68
MSM (% HIV) (10 sites) 0.3 2.16
No. people on ART
Total 336 1 992 3 492
ART coverage (%) (b) 90 70
No. pediatric patients on ART (c) 3 20 (2010)
No. receiving ARV for PMTCT 1 13 19
PMTCT coverage (%)

(a) IHBSS
(b) Contry estimates
(c) National AIDS STI Prevention and Control Program

Source:

WHO/UNAIDS estimates 2013, and GARPR reporting, unless otherwise indicated.