Country profiles on HIV/AIDS


More than 20 years after the first HIV case was reported in Malaysia, there were an estimated 100 000 people living with HIV in the country by the end of 2014. Early cases were concentrated among male. Over time, the epidemic progressively shifted towards increasing infection rates in female with male/female ratio from 9.6 in 2000 to 4.5 in 2010 to 4.0 in 2015.


All data from the databases below unless otherwise stated
AIDSInfo. Geneva: UNAIDS
Global AIDS response progress reporting [online database]. Geneva: https//
Tuberculosis data [online database]. Geneva. World Health Organisation, 2015:

ARV = antiretroviral
ART = antiretroviral therapy
FSW = female sex workers
MSM = men who have sex with men
PMTCT = prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV
PLHIV = people living with HIV
PWID = people who inject drugs
VL = viral load