HIV/AIDS

Country profiles on HIV/AIDS

Malaysia


More than 20 years after the first HIV case was reported in Malaysia, there was an estimated 82,000 people living with HIV in the country by the end of 2012. In the earlier phase of the pandemic, injecting drug use drove the epidemic. Over time this trend has changed from 1 sexual transmission for every 9 people who inject drugs (PWID) in 1990, to 2 sexual transmissions for every 8 PWID in 2000, and 5 sexual transmissions for every 5 PWID in 2010. Projections indicate HIV infection through sexual contact will continue to increase.

Under its five-year national strategic plan, Malaysia was able to reduce transmission and mitigate the impact of HIV/AIDS. It continues to provide better access to prevention, treatment, care and support services.

Core HIV and AIDS epidemic and response data

Indicator 2001 2007 2011 2012
No. PLHIV
Total 54 000 70 000 80 000 82 000
Adults 53 000 69 000 79 000 81 000
Adult prev. % 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Women (15+) 4 800 8 300 11 000 12 000
Children < 15 years
No. new infection 6 200 7 100 7 600 7 400
AIDS related deaths 4 200 4 300 5 100 5 200
% HIV key populations
PWID (% HIV) 4.5 8.7 18.9
FSW 9% HIV) 0.3 4.17
MSM (% HIV) 7.1 1.4 12.56
No. people on ART
Total 6 950 14 002 15 084
ART coverage (%) 37.5 (a) 41.8 (a)
No. paediatric patients on ART 490
No. receiving ARV for PMTCT 183 353 342
PMTCT coverage (%) 89.4 (a) 68.5 (a)

(a) Country reported.

Source:

WHO/UNAIDS estimates 2013, and GARPR reporting 2012-2013.