HIV/AIDS

Country profiles on HIV/AIDS

Malaysia


More than 20 years after the first HIV case was reported in Malaysia, there were an estimated 86 000 people living with HIV in the country by the end of 2013. The HIV epidemic started among people who inject drugs and who share syringes, needles and other equipment.

However, over time this trend has changed from 1 sexual transmission for every 9 people who inject drugs (PWID) in 1990, to 2 sexual transmissions for every 8 PWID in 2000, and 5 sexual transmissions for every 5 PWID in 2010. Projections indicate HIV infection through sexual contact will continue to increase.

Core HIV and AIDS epidemic and response data

Indicator 2001 2007 2011 2012 2013
No. PLHIV
Total 54 000 70 000 82 000 84 000 86 000
Adults 53 000 69 000 81 000 83 000 86 000
Women (15+) 4 800 6 000 9 000 9 000 10 000
Children < 15 years ... 700
Space
No. new infection 6 200 7 100 7 600 7 400 8 000
AIDS related deaths 4 200 5 000 6 000 6 000 6 000
Space
HIV prevalence (%)
Adult 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Key Populations
PWID 4.5 8.7 18.9
FSW 0.3 4.2 4.2
MSM 7.1 1.4 12.6 12.6
Space
No. people on ART
Total 6 950 14 002 15 084 17 369
Children 490 507
ART coverage (%) 20.0
Space
No. receiving ARV for PMTCT 183 353 342 343
PMTCT coverage (%) 89.4 (a) 68.5 (a) 86.0 (a)

(a) Country reported.

Source:

WHO/UNAIDS estimates 2014, and GARPR reporting 2012-2014.

Legend: PLHIV people living with HIV; PWID - people who inject drugs; FSW female sex workers; MSM men who have sex with men; ARV antiretroviral drugs; ART antiretroviral therapy; PMTCT prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV

Last update:
3 December 2014