Country profiles on HIV/AIDS


Lao People's Democratic Republic is considered unique being the only country in the Greater Mekong Region with a continuously low HIV prevalence of 0.2% in the adult population. The main mode of transmission is heterosexual. Historically, high risk has been linked to the "three Ms"-men, mobility and money - typical of the spread of HIV in the Mekong. Moreover, HIV linked to drug use has been recently identified in the country.


All data from the databases below unless otherwise stated
AIDSInfo. Geneva: UNAIDS
Global AIDS response progress reporting [online database]. Geneva: https//
Tuberculosis data [online database]. Geneva. World Health Organisation, 2015:

ARV = antiretroviral
ART = antiretroviral therapy
FSW = female sex workers
MSM = men who have sex with men
PMTCT = prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV
PLHIV = people living with HIV
PWID = people who inject drugs
VL = viral load