HIV/AIDS

Country profiles on HIV/AIDS

Lao PDR


The HIV situation in Lao People's Democratic Republic is considered unique being the only country in the Greater Mekong Region with a continuously low prevalence around 0.2-0.3% in the adult population. The number of people living with HIV in 2013 was estimated at 5 800, but the recent trend of HIV in the country suggests prevalence will increase in the near future.

The main mode of transmission is heterosexual. Historically, high risk has been linked to the "three Ms"-men, mobility and money - typical of the spread of HIV in the Mekong. Moreover, HIV linked to drug use has been recently identified in the country.

A rising number of new cases reported among people who inject drugs and men who have sex with men may soon challenge the current equilibrium of the HIV epidemic there.

Core HIV and AIDS epidemic and response data

Indicator 2001 2007 2011 2012 2013
No. PLHIV
Total 3 300 4 700 5 500 5 700 5 800
Adults 3 200 4 300 5 000 5 200 5 300
Women (15+) 1 400 2 000 2 300 2 400 2 400
Children < 15 years ... 400 510 520 520
Space
No. new infection <500
AIDS related deaths <100 <500 <500 <500 <200
Space
HIV prevalence (%)
Adult 0.1 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.15
Key Populations
PWID
FSW 1.1 1 1
MSM 5.6 3.1
Space
No. people on ART
Total 700 1 988 2 375 2 631
Children 163 189
ART coverage (%) 45
Space
No. receiving ARV for PMTCT 24 49 49 60
PMTCT coverage (%) 14.6 (a) 16.4 (a) 36

(a) Country reported.

Source:

WHO/UNAIDS estimates 2013, and GARPR reporting 2012-2013.

Legend: PLHIV people living with HIV; PWID - people who inject drugs; FSW female sex workers; MSM men who have sex with men; ARV antiretroviral drugs; ART antiretroviral therapy; PMTCT prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV

Last update:
3 December 2014