Country profiles on HIV/AIDS
Lao People's Democratic Republic is considered unique being the only country in the Greater Mekong Region with a continuously low HIV prevalence of 0.2% in the adult population. The main mode of transmission is heterosexual. Historically, high risk has been linked to the "three Ms"-men, mobility and money - typical of the spread of HIV in the Mekong. Moreover, HIV linked to drug use has been recently identified in the country.
All data from the databases below unless otherwise stated AIDSInfo. Geneva: UNAIDS http://aidsinfo.unaids.org Global AIDS response progress reporting [online database]. Geneva: https//aidsreportingtool.unaids.org/ Tuberculosis data [online database]. Geneva. World Health Organisation, 2015: http://www.who.int/tb/country/data/download/en/
Legend: ARV = antiretroviral ART = antiretroviral therapy FSW = female sex workers MSM = men who have sex with men PMTCT = prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV PLHIV = people living with HIV PWID = people who inject drugs VL = viral load