Country profiles on HIV/AIDS
The HIV situation in Lao People's Democratic Republic is considered unique being the only country in the Greater Mekong Region with a continuously low prevalence around 0.2-0.3% in the adult population. The number of people living with HIV in 2013 was estimated at 5 800, but the recent trend of HIV in the country suggests prevalence will increase in the near future.
The main mode of transmission is heterosexual. Historically, high risk has been linked to the "three Ms"-men, mobility and money - typical of the spread of HIV in the Mekong. Moreover, HIV linked to drug use has been recently identified in the country.
A rising number of new cases reported among people who inject drugs and men who have sex with men may soon challenge the current equilibrium of the HIV epidemic there.
Core HIV and AIDS epidemic and response data
|Total||3 300||4 700||5 500||5 700||5 800|
|Adults||3 200||4 300||5 000||5 200||5 300|
|Women (15+)||1 400||2 000||2 300||2 400||2 400|
|Children < 15 years||...||400||510||520||520|
|No. new infection||…||…||…||…||<500|
|AIDS related deaths||<100||<500||<500||<500||<200|
|HIV prevalence (%)|
|No. people on ART|
|Total||700||1 988||2 375||2 631|
|ART coverage (%)||45|
|No. receiving ARV for PMTCT||24||49||49||60|
|PMTCT coverage (%)||14.6 (a)||16.4 (a)||36|
(a) Country reported.
WHO/UNAIDS estimates 2013, and GARPR reporting 2012-2013.
Legend: PLHIV people living with HIV; PWID - people who inject drugs; FSW female sex workers; MSM men who have sex with men; ARV antiretroviral drugs; ART antiretroviral therapy; PMTCT prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV
Last update: 3 December 2014