HIV/AIDS

Country profiles on HIV/AIDS

Cambodia


Cambodia was once declared to have a generalized HIV epidemic. This evolved positively and nowadays HIV epidemic is considered concentrated among sex workers, men who have sex with men as well as people who inject drugs in certain areas.

Among adults, HIV prevalence has continued to decrease from 1.5% in 2001 and 1.0% in 2007 to 0.8% in 2011-2012. The number of new infections dropped to less than 1000 annually in 2012, from an estimated 6000 new infections in 2001. Along with rapid scaling up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) over the years, AIDS related deaths declined to 1900 in 2012.

Cambodia has been very successful in scaling up ART. The number of people on ART reached 48913 in 2012, which accounted for 84% of the people in need of the HIV treatment according to the 2010 WHO guideline. Cambodia is the only country which has achieved more than 80% ART coverage in the region.

Core HIV and AIDS epidemic and response data

Indicator 2001 2007 2011 2012
No. PLHIV
Total 110 000 86 000 78 000 76 000
Adults 100 000 80 000 72 000 71 000
Adult prev. % 1.5 1 0.8 0.8
Women (15+) 51 000 44 000 40 000 39 000
Children < 15 years ...
No. new infection 6000 2 800 1 500 <1 000
AIDS related deaths 6 000 5 600 3 000 1 900
% HIV key populations
PWID (% HIV)
FSW (% HIV) 26.3 (a) 12.7 13.9 (c)
MSM (% HIV) 14.0 (a) 4.5 (b) 2.1 (c)
No. people on ART
Total 27 000 46 473 48 913
ART coverage (%) 90 (c) 84
No. paediatric patients on ART 4 595
No. receiving ARV for PMTCT 505 930 862
PMTCT coverage (%) 64 (c) 65 (c)

(a) Median prevalence, in major urban areas. 2000 data.
(b) 2005 data.
(c) Country reported.

Source:

WHO/UNAIDS estimates 2013, and GARPR reporting, unless otherwise indicated.