HIV/AIDS

Country profiles on HIV/AIDS

Cambodia


Cambodia, which faced one of the fastest growing HIV epidemics in Asia in the mid 1990s with a generalized epidemic within the last two decades, has become one of the few countries to have reversed the trend. The HIV epidemic is now concentrated among sex workers, men who have sex with men as well as people who inject drugs in certain areas.

Among adults, HIV prevalence has continued to decrease from 1.5% in 2001 and 1.0% in 2007 to 0.7% in 2013. The number of new infections dropped to less than 1300 annually in 2013, from an estimated 6000 new infections in 2001.

Cambodia has been very successful in scaling up access to antiretroviral therapy (ART). The number of people on ART reached 50 659 in 2013, which accounted for 67% of people living with HIV. Along with rapid scaling up of ART over the years, AIDS related deaths declined to 2200 in 2013.

Core HIV and AIDS epidemic and response data

Indicator 2001 2007 2011 2012 2013
No. PLHIV
Total 110 000 86 000 78 000 76 000 75 000
Adults 100 000 80 000 72 000 71 000 70 000
Women (15+) 51 000 44 000 40 000 39 000 39 000
Children < 15 years ...
Space
No. new infection 6 000 2 800 1 600 1 400 1 300
AIDS related deaths 6 000 5 600 3 100 2 700 2 200
Space
HIV prevalence (%)
Adult 1.5 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.7
Key Populations
PWID
FSW 26.3 (a) 12.7 13.9 (c)
MSM 14.0 (a) 4.5 (b) 2.1 (c)
Space
No. people on ART
Total 27 000 46 473 48 913 50 659
Children 4 595 4 052
ART coverage (%) 67
Space
No. receiving ARV for PMTCT 505 930 862 860
PMTCT coverage (%) 64 (c) 65 (c) 79

(a) Median prevalence, in major urban areas. 2000 data.
(b) 2005 data
(c) Country reported.

Source:

WHO/UNAIDS estimates 2014, and GARPR reporting 2014, unless otherwise indicated.

Legend: PLHIV people living with HIV; PWID - people who inject drugs; FSW female sex workers; MSM men who have sex with men; ARV antiretroviral drugs; ART antiretroviral therapy; PMTCT prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV

Last update:
3 December 2014