Country profiles on HIV/AIDS
Mongolia is a low HIV prevalence country with cumulative reported cases of 78 and estimated adult prevalence of less than 0.1 percent as of 2009. The number, however, represented a dramatic increase from five cases six years ago. Men having sex with men with unprotected anal sex constituted majority cases. HIV prevalence in this group was detected at 1.8 percent in 2009.
Sexually transmitted infections, however, are becoming a public health challenge in this country. Female sex workers showed the highest syphilis rate of 18.3 percent in 2009. Among pregnant women, chlamydia rate was detected at 14.3 percent in the same year.
For the last two years, Mongolia has been making progress in its commitment to deal with HIV/AIDS and STIs by strengthening the role of the National Committee on AIDS in shaping a national response and the development of the new National Strategic Plan on HIV, AIDS and STIs for 2010-2015.
Core HIV and AIDS epidemic and response data
|Adults pre. %|
|Children < 15 years|
|HIV Pre. of MARPs|
|No. people on ART|
|ART coverage %|
|No. pediatric patients on ART||0||0||0|
|No. receiving ARV for PMTCT||0||0||1|
|PMTCT coverage %|
(a) 2005 data.
Sources and notes:
- 2001 and 2007 data: UNAIDS/WHO 2008 Update: Epidemiological Fact Sheet on HIV and AIDS.
- 2008 and 2009 data: WHO, UNAIDS and UNICEF: Towards Universal Access: Scaling up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector, Progress Report 2009 and 2010.