Country profiles on HIV/AIDS
Cambodia was once declared a country with a generalized epidemic in the Western Pacific region. This evolved positively and nowadays HIV epidemic is considered concentrated among sex workers, men who have sex with men as well as people who inject drugs in certain areas. Among adults, it was projected that HIV prevalence will continue to drop to 0.7 percent in 2008-2009 from 1.2 percent in 2003 and 0.9 percent in 2006.
In the past two years, new policies for HIV interventions have been developed and existing guidelines have been revised to better reflect the challenges arising from Cambodia’s response to HIV. Remarkable progress has been made in terms of health sector response by scaling up treatment and care. The number of people with HIV receiving antiretroviral therapy increased to 37 315 in 2009 from 20 131 in 2006 and Cambodia has today one of the highest coverage of ARV for those at need in WP Region. However with the HIV epidemic there is no time for relaxing. A consensus is emphasizing the risk of a new wave of HIV spread among and from Cambodia’s most-at-risk populations (MARPS).
Core HIV and AIDS epidemic and response data
|Total||120 000||75 000|
|Adults||120 000||70 000|
|Adults pre. %||1.5||0.8|
|Women (15+)||31 000||20 000|
|Children < 15 years||3600||4400|
|AIDS Death||14 000||6900|
|HIV Pre. of MARPs|
|No. people on ART|
|Total||27 000||31 999||37 315|
|ART coverage %||67||>95||94(c)|
|No. pediatric patients on ART||2541||3067||3638|
|No. receiving ARV for PMTCT||1600||777||798|
|PMTCT coverage %||32|
(a) Median prevalence, in major urban areas. 2000 data.
(b) 2005 data.
(c) Estimate based on the new WHO Guideline on ART.
Sources and notes:
- 2001 and 2007 data: UNAIDS/WHO 2008 Update: Epidemiological Fact Sheet on HIV and AIDS.
- 2008 and 2009 data: WHO, UNAIDS and UNICEF: Towards Universal Access: Scaling up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector, Progress Report 2009 and 2010.