HIV/AIDS

Country profiles on HIV/AIDS

China


China is categorized as concentrated HIV epidemic, though there are several different epidemic patterns within the country. The HIV epidemic started among people who inject drugs, and spread to other key populations in specific locations. As of 2011, there were an estimated 780 000 people living with HIV in China. Nowadays, the primary mode of transmission is sexual with transmission by men who have sex with men increasing rapidly.

China has continued to build a response aimed at reducing and preventing the spread of HIV/AIDS with government taking the lead. The impressive scale up of harm reduction services (especially methadone maintenance clinics) is globally recognized as the key element of their successful response so far. The number on antiretroviral therapy has almost doubled in 2012, as compared with that in 2010.

Core HIV and AIDS epidemic and response data

Indicator 2005 2007 2011 2012
No. PLHIV
Total 650,000 700 000 780,000 -
Adults
Adult prev. % 0.05 0.054 0.058 -
Women (15+) 120 000 200 000 223,080
Children < 15 years ... ...
AIDS related Deaths 25,000 20,000 28,000 -
% HIV Key Populations
PWID (% HIV) 0.1 8.1 6.4 6.3
FSW (% HIV) 10.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
MSM (% HIV) 1.7 (a) 2.1 6.3 6.7
No. people on ART
Total 35,000 126,448 153,604
ART coverage (%) 76.1 (b) 87.3 (b)
No. paediatric patients on ART
No. receiving ARV for PMTCT 593 2,525 3,007
PMTCT coverage % 74.1 (b) 79.6 (b)

(a) 2003 data.
(b) Country reported.

Source:

WHO/UNAIDS estimates 2013, and GARPR reporting 2012-2013, unless otherwise indicated.