Country profiles on HIV/AIDS


China is categorized as having a concentrated HIV epidemic, though there are several different epidemic patterns within the country. The HIV epidemic started among people who inject drugs, and spread to other key populations. As of 2014, there were an estimated 810 000 people living with HIV in China. The main mode of transmission today is sexual with transmission among men who have sex with men, which is increasing rapidly.


All data from the databases below unless otherwise stated
AIDSInfo. Geneva: UNAIDS
Global AIDS response progress reporting [online database]. Geneva: https//
Tuberculosis data [online database]. Geneva. World Health Organisation, 2015:

ARV = antiretroviral
ART = antiretroviral therapy
FSW = female sex workers
MSM = men who have sex with men
PMTCT = prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV
PLHIV = people living with HIV
PWID = people who inject drugs
VL = viral load