Country profiles on HIV/AIDS
China is categorized as concentrated HIV epidemic, though there are several different epidemic patterns within the country. The HIV epidemic started among people who inject drugs, and spread to other key populations in specific locations. As of 2011, there were an estimated 780 000 people living with HIV in China. Nowadays, the primary mode of transmission is sexual with transmission by men who have sex with men increasing rapidly.
China has continued to build a response aimed at reducing and preventing the spread of HIV/AIDS with government taking the lead. The impressive scale up of harm reduction services (especially methadone maintenance clinics) is globally recognized as the key element of their successful response so far. The number on antiretroviral therapy has almost doubled in 2012, as compared with that in 2010.
Core HIV and AIDS epidemic and response data
|Adult prev. %||0.05||0.054||0.058||-|
|Women (15+)||120 000||200 000||223,080|
|Children < 15 years||...||...|
|AIDS related Deaths||25,000||20,000||28,000||-|
|% HIV Key Populations|
|PWID (% HIV)||0.1||8.1||6.4||6.3|
|FSW (% HIV)||10.3||0.3||0.3||0.3|
|MSM (% HIV)||1.7 (a)||2.1||6.3||6.7|
|No. people on ART|
|ART coverage (%)||76.1 (b)||87.3 (b)|
|No. paediatric patients on ART|
|No. receiving ARV for PMTCT||593||2,525||3,007|
|PMTCT coverage %||74.1 (b)||79.6 (b)|
(a) 2003 data. (b) Country reported.
WHO/UNAIDS estimates 2013, and GARPR reporting 2012-2013, unless otherwise indicated.