Country profiles on HIV/AIDS
China is categorized as having a concentrated HIV epidemic, though there are several different epidemic patterns within the country. The HIV epidemic started among people who inject drugs, and spread to other key populations. As of 2011, there were an estimated 780 000 people living with HIV in China. Today, the main mode of transmission is sexual with transmission among men who have sex with men increasing rapidly.
Core HIV and AIDS epidemic and response data
|Total||650 000||700 000||780 000||810 000|
|Women (15+)||120 000||200 000||223 080|
|Children < 15 years||...||…||…||…||…|
|AIDS related deaths||25 000||20 000||28 000||-|
|HIV prevalence (%)|
|No. people on ART|
|Total||35 000||126 448||153 604||227 489|
|ART coverage (%)||52.1 (b)|
|No. receiving ARV for PMTCT||593||2 525||3 007||3 081|
|PMTCT coverage (%)||74.1 (b)||79.6 (b)||81.0 (b)|
(a) 2003 data. (b) Country reported.
WHO/UNAIDS estimates 2014, and GARPR reporting 2012-2014, unless otherwise indicated.
Legend: PLHIV people living with HIV; PWID - people who inject drugs; FSW female sex workers; MSM men who have sex with men; ARV antiretroviral drugs; ART antiretroviral therapy; PMTCT prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV
Last update: 3 December 2014