HIV/AIDS

Country profiles on HIV/AIDS

China


China is categorized as having a concentrated HIV epidemic, though there are several different epidemic patterns within the country. The HIV epidemic started among people who inject drugs, and spread to other key populations. As of 2011, there were an estimated 780 000 people living with HIV in China. Today, the main mode of transmission is sexual with transmission among men who have sex with men increasing rapidly.

Core HIV and AIDS epidemic and response data

Indicator 2005 2007 2011 2012 2013
No. PLHIV
Total 650 000 700 000 780 000 -
Adults
Women (15+) 120 000 200 000 223 080
Children < 15 years ...
Space
AIDS related deaths 25 000 20 000 28 000 -
Space
HIV prevalence (%)
Adult 0.050 0.054 0.058 -
Key Populations
PWID 0.1 8.1 6.4 6.3 6.3
FSW 10.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
MSM 1.7 (a) 2.1 6.3 6.7 7.3
Space
No. people on ART
Total 35 000 126 448 153 604 227 489
Children 3 337
ART coverage (%) 52.1 (b)
Space
No. receiving ARV for PMTCT 593 2 525 3 007 3 081
PMTCT coverage (%) 74.1 (b) 79.6 (b) 81.0 (b)

(a) 2003 data.
(b) Country reported.

Source:

WHO/UNAIDS estimates 2014, and GARPR reporting 2012-2014, unless otherwise indicated.

Legend: PLHIV people living with HIV; PWID - people who inject drugs; FSW female sex workers; MSM men who have sex with men; ARV antiretroviral drugs; ART antiretroviral therapy; PMTCT prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV

Last update:
3 December 2014