Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease (HFMD)
Situation Updates (13 November 2013)
Regional HFMD is declining. Hong Kong (China), Macao (China), Japan and Republic of Korea have reported a higher cumulative number of cases in 2013 than in 2012 for the same time period. The recent trend, following seasonal patterns, is showing a decrease in China, Hong Kong (China), Macao (China), Japan, Republic of Korea, Singapore and Viet Nam.
China: Monthly average of cases has increased from September (183 187 cases and 14 deaths) to October (134 032 cases and 8 deaths) 2013. There were 1 651 959 cases with 265 deaths reported up to end of October in 2013.
Hong Kong (China): Surveillance for HFMD is conducted through sentinel reporting units. Based on the 3 week moving average, weekly trends in hospitalized cases, general practitioners, and general outpatient clinics decreased. In the week 27 October to 2 November 2013, 4 HFMD inpatients (relative to 5 cases in the same period in 2012) were reported by the Hospital Authority; 0.1 cases per 1000 consultations among general out-patient clinics and 0.9 cases per 1000 consultations among general practitioners.
Macao (China) Weekly trend has decreased based on the 3 week moving average. 19 cases were reported from 29 October to 4 November 2013 compared with 30 cases in the same period for 2012. The cumulative report for 2013 to the week ending 4 November was 2078 cases.
Japan: Surveillance for HFMD is conducted through sentinel reporting units. The weekly trend decreased based on the 3 week moving average. 4071 cases (1.29 cases per sentinel unit) were reported from 14 to 20 October 2013 compared with 1998 cases in the same period for 2012. Cumulative report for 2013 to the week ending 20 October was 281 149 cases.
Republic of Korea: Surveillance for HFMD is conducted through sentinel reporting units. Weekly trend decreasing based on the 3 week moving average; 3.0 cases per 1000 outpatients for the week ending 5 October 2013. Cumulative report for 2013 to the week ending 5 October was 6.3 cases per 1000 outpatients.
Singapore: The weekly trend increased based on the 3 week moving average; 914 cases were reported between 27 October to 2 November 2013 (relative to 265 for the same period in 2012). Cumulative report for 2013 to the week ending 2 November was 26 473 cases.
Viet Nam: Weekly number of reported cases during 7 to 13 October 2013 was 1610 relative to 1656 during the previous week. 63 109 cases with 19 deaths have been reported from across 63 provinces up to 13 October in 2013.
For further information on the HFMD situation or its surveillance,
please visit the following links:
- Hong Kong (China)
- Yearly Enterovirus infections: http://www.chp.gov.hk/en/data/4/26/44/292/53.html
- Weekly virus detection from HFMD cases: https://nesid3g.mhlw.go.jp/Byogentai/Pdf/data24e.pdf
- Republic of Korea