The 2009 National Census of Population and Housing reported the population of Vanuatu to be 234 023, with a growth rate of 2.3% per annum. Life expectancy at birth is 69 for males and 72 for females, and 3.5% of the population is over 65 years of age.
The 2011 estimated crude birth rate was 31.1 per 1000 population and the estimated crude death rate was 5.3. The infant mortality rate was 27 per 1000 live births in 2008.
According to the last national census, the urban population accounted for 25.6% of the total population in 2010. Urban migration is increasing at an alarming rate, particularly from rural islands to Port Vila and Luganville, as people seek employment or education. Most of the population are employed in subsistence agriculture, the rest being in government departments, private companies and other employment sectors.
Country health information profile
In May 1953, Vanuatu (formerly New Hebrides), was assigned to the Western Pacific Region at the Sixth World Health Assembly ''without prejudice to any questions regarding its sovereignty'' as an area. On 30 July 1980, New Hebrides won its independence from Britain and France and was renamed Vanuatu. It joined WHO on 7 March 1983 as a Member State.
Vanuatu is covered by the WHO Representative Office in the South Pacific, and a WHO Country Liaison Officer was designated in March 1981.
WHO Country Office
WHO CLO Vanuatu MOH Iatika Complex P.O Box 177 Port Vila Vanuatu
World Health Organization P.O. Box 177 Port Vila, Vanuatu, South Pacific
(678) 27 683 (direct line)
(678) 22 512 ext 221 (CLO)
(678) 22 512 ext 222 (Sec)
(678) 22 691
07.30 - 12.00 13.30 - 17.00 (Monday to Friday)
Ministry of Health
Iatika Complex Private Mail Bag 009, Port Vila, Vanuatu
Telephone number:(678) 22512
(678) 26 204
|Population (in thousands) ( 2009 )||234.023|
|Population aged 5-14 years (%) ( 2009 )||24.61|
|Life expectancy at birth (years) ( 2009 )||71|
|Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 live births) ( 2008 )||31|
|Total health expenditure as % of GDP ( 2009 )||3.9|
|General government health expenditure as % of total government expenditure ( 2009 )||13.6|
|Human development index ( 2007 )||0.69|
|Per capita GDP at current market prices (US$) ( 2009 )||2685.1|
|Population below national poverty line (%)|| not available
|Literacy rate among adults aged >= 15 years (%) ( 2010 )||84.8|
|Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births) ( 2007 )||86|
|Proportion of the population using improved drinking water source ( 2009 )||85.2|
|Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) ( 2008 )||52|