Tuvalu comprises nine coral islands and is, by population, the smallest member of the United Nations. The population has, however, more than doubled since 1980 and was estimated to have reached approximately 11 149 in 2010. About 32.0% are in the 0-14 year age group, 62.7% in the 15-64 year age group and 5.3% are 65 years or older. The population growth rate is estimated at 0.5% (2010), and the crude birth rate at 22.9 per 1000 population. The total fertility rate was estimated at 3.2 in 2009.
Life expectancy at birth is currently 63.6 years for both sexes: 61.7 years for males and 65.1 years for females.
The Tuvaluan language is spoken by virtually everyone, while a language very similar to Gilbertese is spoken on Nui. English is also an official language, but is not spoken in daily use. Parliamentary and official functions are conducted in Tuvaluan.
Country health information profile
In 1953, the Ellice Islands (former name of Tuvalu) was assigned to the Western Pacific Region at the Sixth World Health Assembly ''without prejudice to any questions regarding sovereignty'' as an area. It was administered by the Western Pacific High Commission until its independence on 1 October 1978. It joined WHO on 7 May 1993 as a Member State.
It is covered by the WHO Representative Office in the South Pacific in Suva, Fiji.
WHO Country Office
Level 4 Provident Plaza One Downtown Boulevard 33 Ellery Street, Suva
P.O. Box 113, Suva, Fiji
(679) 3304600 & 3234100 (general line)
(679) 3300727 (WR's direct line)
(679) 3306177 (MOH)
(679) 3234166 and 3234177
08.00 - 17.00 (Monday to Friday)
Ministry of Health
Vaiaku, Funafuti, Tuvalu P.O. Box 36, Funafuti, Tuvalu
Telephone number:(688) 20403
|Estimated Population ('000s) ( 2010 )||11.15|
|Percentage of Population 5-14 years old ( 2010 )||21.11|
|Life expectancy at birth (years) ( 2002 )||63.6|
|Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 livebirths) ( 2009 )||24.6|
|Total health expenditure as % of GDP ( 2009 )||10.5|
|General gov't expenditure on health as % of total general gov't expenditure ( 2009 )||11|
|Human development index ( 1998 )||0.58|
|Per capita GDP (US$) at current market prices ( 2002 )||1139.32|
|Population below national poverty line|| not available
|Adult literacy rate (%) ( 1998 )||95|
|Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 livebirths) ( 2003 )|| not available
|Proportion of population with sustainable access to improved water source ( 2008 )||97|
|Proportion of population with access to improved sanitation ( 2008 )||84|