Tonga’s estimated population for 2010 was 103 365, giving a population density of 159 persons per square kilometre. The population, about 23.4% of whom live in urban settings, is young, with 38% in the 0-14 year-old age group. The fertility rate remains high, although it has been falling slowly, decreasing from 4.1 in 1986 to 3.7 in 2010. The population growth rate is around 0.3%, a low figure taking into consideration a crude birth rate of about 25.4 per 1000 population and the fact that child mortality rates are the lowest in the Pacific. The explanation is found in the high net emigration rate, which averaged 19.8% between 1986 and 1996. It is estimated that as many as 100 000 Tongans live overseas, most of them in Australia, New Zealand and the United States of America. The Tongan community in New Zealand alone accounts for some 50 000 people.
Country health information profile
- You may find the 2012 and/or latest available data in the Data and Analytics section of the Health Information and Intelligence Platform.
Health information and intelligence platform (HIIP)
In May 1953, Tonga was assigned to the Western Pacific Region at the Sixth World Health Assembly ''without prejudice to any questions regarding sovereignty'' as an area. Tonga was under the British protectorate from 1900 to 4 June 1970, the same date its independence was restored. It joined WHO on 15 August 1975 as a Member State.
It was covered by the WHO Representative Office in the South Pacific since its establishment, and the WHO Country Liaison Officer was designated in March 1981.
WHO Country Office
Ministry of Health Nuku'alofa Tonga
World Health Organization P.O. Box 70 Nuku'alofa, Tonga
(676) 23-200 Ext. 18
08.30 - 16.30 (Monday to Friday)
Ministry of Health
Ministry of Health, Vaiola hospital P.O. Box 59, Nuku?alofa, Kingdom of Tonga
Telephone number:(676) 23 200
(676) 24 291
- Western Pacific Country Health Information Profiles 2011 revision
2010 Pocket Statistical Summary
- National health accounts: country information. Geneva, World Health Organization.
Human Development Report 2010: The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development
|Population (in thousands) ( 2010 )||103.365|
|Population aged 5-14 years (%) ( 2010 )||24.96|
|Life expectancy at birth (years) ( 2003 )||70|
|Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 live births) ( 2010 )||19.7|
|Total health expenditure as % of GDP ( 2009 )||5.3|
|General government health expenditure as % of total government expenditure ( 2009 )||14.5|
|Human development index ( 2010 )||0.677|
|Per capita GDP at current market prices (US$) ( 2008 )||2988|
|Population below national poverty line (%)|| not available
|Literacy rate among adults aged >= 15 years (%) ( 2006 )||99|
|Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births) ( 2010 )||36.4|
|Proportion of the population using improved drinking water source ( 2008 )||99.8|
|Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) ( 2008 )||96|