Solomon Islands is a double-chain archipelago of more than 900 coral atolls located in the south-west Pacific Ocean about 1800 kilometres north-east of Australia. Its total land area of 30 400 square kilometres is widely scattered over 1.3 million square kilometres (exclusive economic zone) of the Pacific, with most of its smaller islands uninhabited.
The population at the latest National Census in 2009 was 515 870. The growing population and its relatively young structure dominate concerns about future development. In 2009, estimated life expectancy at birth was 67 years. An estimated 93% of the total population are Melanesians, 4% are Polynesians and 3% are from other ethnic groups. According to the 2009 Census, the population is growing at a rate of 2.3% per annum. Most live in rural areas, with only 18% living in urban areas. The median age of the population is 19.7 years old. This demographic trend is creating increasing pressure on infrastructures and jobs, as well as raising growing environmental issues.
Country health information profile
WHO Country Cooperation Strategy (CCS)
In May 1953, the Solomon Islands (formerly British Solomon Islands Protectorate) was assigned to the Western Pacific Region at the Sixth World Health Assembly ''without prejudice to any questions regarding sovereignty'' as an area. On 7 July 1979, Solomon Islands became a self-governing, independent state within the British ommonwealth. It joined WHO on 4 April 1983 as a Member State.
It is covered by the WHO Representative Office in the South Pacific, and a WHO Country Liaison Officer was designated in March 1981.
WHO Country Office
Ministry of Health Bldg. Chinatown Honiara,Solomon Islands
World Health Organization P.O. Box 22 Honiara, Solomon Islands
(677) 23406, 20016
(677) 22053 (direct line)
(677) 94129 (mobile)
08.00 - 12.00 13.00 - 16.30 (Monday to Friday)
Ministry of Health
Ministry of Health and Medical Services, Chinatown P.O. Box 349, Honiara, Solomon Islands
Telephone number:+677 20 830
+677 20 085
|Population (in thousands) ( 2009 )||515.87|
|Population aged 5-14 years (%) ( 2009 )||25.77|
|Life expectancy at birth (years) ( 2009 )||67|
|Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 live births) ( 2009 )||37|
|Total health expenditure as % of GDP ( 2009 )||5.3|
|General government health expenditure as % of total government expenditure ( 2009 )||16.8|
|Human development index ( 2010 )||0.494|
|Per capita GDP at current market prices (US$) ( 2008 )||1014|
|Population below national poverty line (%)|| not available
|Literacy rate among adults aged >= 15 years (%) ( 2009 )||84.1|
|Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births) ( 2007 )||103|
|Proportion of the population using improved drinking water source ( 2007 )||84.2|
|Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) ( 2006 )||32|