Papua New Guinea
Papua New Guinea (PNG) is one of the most diverse countries in the world - geographically, biologically, linguistically, and culturally. Its abundant natural resources have not led yet to economic prosperity for the majority of its people. PNG‟s relative level of poverty in relation to neighbouring countries is increasing and it now ranks 145th out of 177 countries on the United Nations Development Programme Human Development Index.
PNG‟s population is estimated to be 6.5 million and is predicted to reach 9 million by 2020. Currently, 87% of PNG‟s people live in rural areas in widely scattered communities that are often not accessible by road. Health indicators are poor, with average life expectancy at 53 years, infant mortality rate at 49 per 1000 live births, and maternal mortality rate at an astounding 733 per 100,000 live births; a figure regarded by some as an underestimate.
After over 30 years of political independence and some early economic and social progress, most of the people remain poor by both regional and international standards. The poor health status is associated with poverty, but it is also widely recognized that a failure of health service delivery is a major contributor to ill-health.
Country health information profile
- You may find the 2012 and/or latest available data in the Data and Analytics section of the Health Information and Intelligence Platform.
Papua New Guinea joined WHO on 29 April 1976 following its independence from Australia on 16 September 1975.
The WHO Representative Office in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea was established in August 1976. The first WHO Country Liaison Officer who was appointed in August 1974 was assigned as the first WHO Representative.
WHO Country Office
4th Floor, AOPI CENTRE Waigani Drive Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea
World Health Organization P.O. Box 5896 Boroko, NCD, Papua New Guinea
(675) 325-2035 (direct)
07.45 - 12.00 12.30 - 16.15 (Monday to Friday)
National Department of Health
AOPI Centre (South) Waigani Drive, P.O. Box 807, Waigani, National Capital District, Papua New Guinea
- Western Pacific Country Health Information Profiles 2011 revision
Population 2000-2015 by 1 and 5 year age groups, February 2010.
- National health accounts: country information. Geneva, World Health Organization.
Human Development Report 2009: Overcoming barriers: Human mobility and development.
|Population (in thousands) ( 2011 )||7059.65|
|Population aged 5-14 years (%) ( 2010 )||24.3|
|Life expectancy at birth (years) ( 2011 )||63|
|Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 live births) ( 2006 )||74.7|
|Total health expenditure as % of GDP ( 2009 )||3.1|
|General government health expenditure as % of total government expenditure ( 2009 )||8|
|Human development index ( 2010 )||0.431|
|Per capita GDP at current market prices (US$) ( 2011 )||1845|
|Population below national poverty line (%) ( 2003 )||37.5|
|Literacy rate among adults aged >= 15 years (%) ( 2009 )||60.1|
|Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births) ( 2006 )||733|
|Proportion of the population using improved drinking water source ( 2008 )||40|
|Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) ( 2008 )||45|