New Caledonia is an archipelago consisting of a main island, the Grande Terre, and several smaller islands (the Belep archipelago, the Loyalty Islands, the Ile des Pins, the Chesterfield Islands and the Bellona Reefs). Noumea, located on the main island, is the capital.
According to the national census in 2009, the inhabitants of New Caledonia numbered 245 580. The population is made up of 42.5% Melanesians, 37.1% Europeans, 8.4% Wallisians, 3.8% Polynesians, 3.6% Indonesians, 1.6% Vietnamese and 3% other nationalities. In 2008, the crude birth rate was 16.2 per 1000 population, the crude death rate was 4.7 per 1000 population and the rate of natural increase was 11.5 per 1000 population. The total fertility rate was 2.2, and the infant mortality rate was 6.1 per 1000 live births. The proportion of the population under 20 years of age, estimated at 35.5%, is decreasing gradually, in contrast with the over-65 population, which is increasing and is currently estimated at 6.2% of the population.
City-dwellers were estimated to make up 57.4% of the population by 2010. Life expectancy at birth is 71.8 years for males and 80.3 years for females (2007). There is a high level of adult literacy, estimated to be 91% of the total population (male 92%, female 90%).
Country health information profile
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New Caledonia became a French territory in 1853. In 1946 it became an overseas territory of the French Republic. Direct rule by France was discontinued on 14 July 1989, and the provincial councils gained a degree of limited autonomy.
It was covered by the WHO Representative Office in the South Pacific.
WHO Country Office
Level 4 Provident Plaza One Downtown Boulevard 33 Ellery Street, Suva
P.O. Box 113, Suva, Fiji
(679) 3304600 & 3234100 (general line)
(679) 3300727 (WR's direct line)
(679) 3306177 (MOH)
(679) 3234166 and 3234177
08.00 - 17.00 (Monday to Friday)
Direction des Affaires Sanitaires et Sociales
DASS ? NC, 5 rue Gallieni - Centre ville 98800 Noumea - Nlle-Calédonie B.P. N4 - 98851 Noumea - Nlle Calédonie
Telephone number:(687) 243700
|Population (in thousands) ( 2009 )||245.58|
|Population aged 5-14 years (%) ( 2009 )||18.1|
|Life expectancy at birth (years) ( 2007 )||75.9|
|Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 live births) ( 2002 )||9.06|
|Total health expenditure as % of GDP ( 2008 )||9.5|
|General government health expenditure as % of total government expenditure|| not available
|Human development index|| not available
|Per capita GDP at current market prices (US$) ( 2008 )||36758|
|Population below national poverty line (%)|| not available
|Literacy rate among adults aged >= 15 years (%) ( 2007 )||91|
|Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births) ( 2009 )||0.02|
|Proportion of the population using improved drinking water source ( 1996 )||100|
|Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) ( 1996 )||90.3|