Countries

New Caledonia

Map

New Caledonia
This map is an approximation of actual country borders.

New Caledonia is an archipelago consisting of a main island, the Grande Terre, and several smaller islands (the Belep archipelago, the Loyalty Islands, the Ile des Pins, the Chesterfield Islands and the Bellona Reefs). Noumea, located on the main island, is the capital.

According to the national census in 2009, the inhabitants of New Caledonia numbered 245 580. The population is made up of 42.5% Melanesians, 37.1% Europeans, 8.4% Wallisians, 3.8% Polynesians, 3.6% Indonesians, 1.6% Vietnamese and 3% other nationalities. In 2008, the crude birth rate was 16.2 per 1000 population, the crude death rate was 4.7 per 1000 population and the rate of natural increase was 11.5 per 1000 population. The total fertility rate was 2.2, and the infant mortality rate was 6.1 per 1000 live births. The proportion of the population under 20 years of age, estimated at 35.5%, is decreasing gradually, in contrast with the over-65 population, which is increasing and is currently estimated at 6.2% of the population.

City-dwellers were estimated to make up 57.4% of the population by 2010. Life expectancy at birth is 71.8 years for males and 80.3 years for females (2007). There is a high level of adult literacy, estimated to be 91% of the total population (male 92%, female 90%).

New Caledonia became a French territory in 1853. In 1946 it became an overseas territory of the French Republic. Direct rule by France was discontinued on 14 July 1989, and the provincial councils gained a degree of limited autonomy.

It was covered by the WHO Representative Office in the South Pacific.

The WHO Representative in the South Pacific : Liu, Dr Yunguo

WHO Country Office

Office address:

Level 4 Provident Plaza One Downtown Boulevard 33 Ellery Street, Suva

Postal address:

P.O. Box 113, Suva, Fiji

Telephone number:

(679) 3304600 & 3234100 (general line)
(679) 3300727 (WR's direct line)
(679) 3306177 (MOH)

Fax number:

(679) 3234166 and 3234177

Office hours:

08.00 - 17.00 (Monday to Friday)

Email:

who.sp@wpro.who.int

Website:

http://www.wpro.who.int/southpacific

Direction des Affaires Sanitaires et Sociales

Address:

DASS ? NC, 5 rue Gallieni - Centre ville 98800 Noumea - Nlle-Calédonie B.P. N4 - 98851 Noumea - Nlle Calédonie

Telephone number:
(687) 243700

Fax number:

(687) 243702

Email:

dass@gouv.nc

Website:
http://www.dass.gouv.nc

Sources

Additional information

Demographic Tables for the Western Pacific 2005-2010, Manila. World Health Organization Regional Office for the Western Pacific, 2005.

 

Statistics

Population (in thousands) ( 2009 ) 245.58
Population aged 5-14 years (%) ( 2009 ) 18.1
Life expectancy at birth (years) ( 2007 ) 75.9
Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 live births) ( 2002 ) 9.06
Total health expenditure as % of GDP ( 2008 ) 9.5
General government health expenditure as % of total government expenditure not available
Human development index not available
Per capita GDP at current market prices (US$) ( 2008 ) 36758
Population below national poverty line (%) not available
Literacy rate among adults aged >= 15 years (%) ( 2007 ) 91
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births) ( 2009 ) 0.02
Proportion of the population using improved drinking water source ( 1996 ) 100
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) ( 1996 ) 90.3