Malaysia is an upper-middle income country with a stable political system and democratically elected government. The Outline Perspective Plan and the Ninth Malaysia Development Plan articulate the national priorities which include (among others), promoting growth with equity, strengthening human resource development, improving the standard and sustainability of quality of life and pursuing environmentally sustainable development.
The health status in Malaysia is relatively good, being on target to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). An extensive and comprehensive primary health care (PHC) system provides good access to care. Total health expenditure (THE) is only 4.3% of GDP, with about 45% from the public sector, but 40% of THE is out of pocket from private households. The national health priorities include enhancing the health care delivery system to increase access to quality care, and reducing the disease burden, both communicable and non-communicable diseases. The key health challenges are posed by thechanging disease pattern with high prevalence of non-communicable diseases and their risk factors, a rapidly growing private sector and high proportion of health expenditure being out of pocket, and a large population of migrant workers who are at high risk of communicable diseases.
Country health information profile
- You may find the 2012 and/or latest available data in the Data and Analytics section of the Health Information and Intelligence Platform.
Malaysia joined WHO on 24 April 1958 as Malaya. In 1957, it obtained its independence. In 1963, Malaysia was formed with Singapore, North Borneo and Sarawak. In 1965, Singapore withdrew from the Federation.
From May 1956 to January 1964, the WHO Representative Office in Singapore covered Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia and Singapore. In 1964, the Representative Office was transferred to Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
WHO Country Office
World Health Organization 1st Floor, Wisma UN, Block C, Komplek Pejabat Damansara, Jalan Dungun, Damansara Heights 50490 Kuala Lumpur,Malaysia
P.O. Box 12550 50782 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
(603) 20939908; (603) 20921184
08.00 - 12.00 13.00 - 16.30 (Monday to Friday)
Ministry of Health
Block E1, E6, E7 & E10, Parcel E Federal Government Complex Administrative Centre 62590 PUTRAJAYA, Malaysia
Telephone number:(603) 8883 3888
- Western Pacific Country Health Information Profiles 2011 revision
- Key Statistics, Department of Statistics Malaysia.
- National health accounts: country information. Geneva, World Health Organization.
Human Development Report 2006: Beyond scarcity, power, poverty and the global water crisis.
|Population (in thousands) ( 2012 )||29336.8|
|Population aged 5-14 years (%) ( 2012 )||17.9|
|Life expectancy at birth (years) ( 2006 )||74.05|
|Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 live births) ( 2010 )||8.4|
|Total health expenditure as % of GDP ( 2009 )||4.8|
|General government health expenditure as % of total government expenditure ( 2009 )||7.1|
|Human development index ( 2010 )||0.74|
|Per capita GDP at current market prices (US$) ( 2011 )||9941|
|Population below national poverty line (%) ( 2003 )||15.5|
|Literacy rate among adults aged >= 15 years (%) ( 2011 )||93.6|
|Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births) ( 2010 )||26.1|
|Proportion of the population using improved drinking water source ( 2008 )||100|
|Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) ( 2008 )||96|