Countries

Northern Mariana Islands, Commonwealth of the

Map

Northern Mariana Islands, Commonwealth of the
This map is an approximation of actual country borders.

The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands comprises 14 islands with a total land area of 457 square kilometres spread out over 683 760 square kilometres of the Pacific Ocean. The Commonwealth’s population lives primarily on three islands. Saipan, the largest and most populated island, is 20.1 kilometres long and 8.8 kilometres wide. The other two populated islands are Tinian and Rota, and the nine far northern islands are very sparsely inhabited, with a combined population of about six people.

Since the 1980s, the number of residents has more than quadrupled. In the 2000 census, the total population numbered 69 221, with approximately 90% living in Saipan and 5% each in Tinian and Rota. The total population was estimated to be 63 072 in July 2010.

The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands was a member of the UN Trust Territory of the Pacific islands dominated by the United States of America after World War Ⅱ. In 1953, it was assigned to the Western Pacific Region at the Sixth World Health Assembly ''without prejudice to any questions regarding sovereignty'' as an area. It became a Commonwealth in political union with the United States of America in 1978.

The Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands was covered by the WHO Representative Office in Singapore from 1 January 1957 after the office was established in May 1956. It was then covered by the WHO Representative Office in Taipei, China (Taiwan) from 1959 until its closure on 30 June 1972. Responsibility over the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands was transferred to the Western Pacific Regional Office in 1972, and it was decided that the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands was to come under the WHO Representative Office, Suva, Fiji in 1976.

Ahn, Dr Dong Il

The WHO Representative in the South Pacific : Liu, Dr Yunguo

WHO Country Office

Office address:

Level 4 Provident Plaza One Downtown Boulevard 33 Ellery Street, Suva

Postal address:

P.O. Box 113, Suva, Fiji

Telephone number:

(679) 3304600 & 3234100 (general line)
(679) 3300727 (WR's direct line)
(679) 3306177 (MOH)

Fax number:

(679) 3234166 and 3234177

Office hours:

08.00 - 17.00 (Monday to Friday)

Email:

who.sp@wpro.who.int

Website:

http://www.wpro.who.int/southpacific

Department of Public Health

Address:

CHC, Lower Navy HIll P.O. Box 500409, CK, Saipan MP 96950, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands

Telephone number:
(670) 234-8950

Fax number:

(670) 234-8930

Website:
http://www.dphsaipan.com

Sources

Additional information

Hospital Division, Department of Public Health

 

Statistics

Population (in thousands) ( 2010 ) 63.07
Population aged 5-14 years (%) ( 2010 ) 16.76
Life expectancy at birth (years) ( 2010 ) 76.9
Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 live births) ( 1999 ) 7.43
Total health expenditure as % of GDP not available
General government health expenditure as % of total government expenditure ( 2007 ) 25.4
Human development index not available
Per capita GDP at current market prices (US$) ( 2005 ) 12638
Population below national poverty line (%) not available
Literacy rate among adults aged >= 15 years (%) ( 1995 ) 99.1
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births) ( 2000 ) not available
Proportion of the population using improved drinking water source ( 2006 ) 98
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) ( 2008 ) 98