Mongolia is the fifth largest country in Asia, covering a total area of 1.6 million square kilometres. In 2010, the population reached 2.78 million, giving an overall population density of 1.7 persons per square kilometre, and making it the least densely populated country in the world.
Of the total population, 27.3% are under the age of 15 years, 68.8% between 15-64 years of age and only 3.9% are aged 65 years and above. Males comprise 48.6% of the population, and 63.3% of the total population live in urban areas. The adult literacy rate is reported to be 97.8%.
Since 1990, Mongolia has been undergoing a demographic transition defined by reductions in fertility and death rates. The population growth rate decreased from 2.7% in 1990 to 1.2% in 2003-2006, and reached 1.96% in 2009, increasing by 0.3%-0.8% between 2007 and 2009 compared with the rate in the previous three years. However, in 2010, the rate decreased to 1.7, to compare with 2009.
Country health information profile
- You may find the 2012 and/or latest available data in the Data and Analytics section of the Health Information and Intelligence Platform.
News and press releases
Mongolia joined WHO on 18 April 1962. It was initially under the South-East Asia Region until its transfer to the Western Pacific Region in July 1995.
The WHO Representative Office was established in July 1970.
WHO Country Office
Ministry of Health Government Building No. 8 Ulaanbaatar Mongolia
WHO Representative Post Box - 663 Ulaanbaatar-13, Mongolia
0830 - 1700 hours (Monday to Friday)
Ministry of Health
Government building-8, Olympic Street-2, Ulaanbaatar-210648, Mongolia
Telephone number:(976) 11-260392
|Population (in thousands) ( 2010 )||2780.75|
|Population aged 5-14 years (%) ( 2010 )||17.26|
|Life expectancy at birth (years) ( 2010 )||68.05|
|Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 live births) ( 2010 )||24.6|
|Total health expenditure as % of GDP ( 2009 )||3.6|
|General government health expenditure as % of total government expenditure ( 2009 )||8.7|
|Human development index ( 2010 )||0.622|
|Per capita GDP at current market prices (US$) ( 2009 )||1550.9|
|Population below national poverty line (%) ( 2006 )||36.1|
|Literacy rate among adults aged >= 15 years (%) ( 2010 )||98.3|
|Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births) ( 2010 )||45.5|
|Proportion of the population using improved drinking water source ( 2008 )||76|
|Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) ( 2008 )||50|