Countries

Mongolia

Map

Mongolia
This map is an approximation of actual country borders.

Mongolia is the fifth largest country in Asia, covering a total area of 1.6 million square kilometres. In 2010, the population reached 2.78 million, giving an overall population density of 1.7 persons per square kilometre, and making it the least densely populated country in the world.

Of the total population, 27.3% are under the age of 15 years, 68.8% between 15-64 years of age and only 3.9% are aged 65 years and above. Males comprise 48.6% of the population, and 63.3% of the total population live in urban areas. The adult literacy rate is reported to be 97.8%.

Since 1990, Mongolia has been undergoing a demographic transition defined by reductions in fertility and death rates. The population growth rate decreased from 2.7% in 1990 to 1.2% in 2003-2006, and reached 1.96% in 2009, increasing by 0.3%-0.8% between 2007 and 2009 compared with the rate in the previous three years. However, in 2010, the rate decreased to 1.7, to compare with 2009.

Mongolia joined WHO on 18 April 1962. It was initially under the South-East Asia Region until its transfer to the Western Pacific Region in July 1995.

The WHO Representative Office was established in July 1970.

WR Nyunt-U

The WHO Representative in Mongolia : Nyunt-U, Dr Soe

WHO Country Office

Office address:

Ministry of Health Government Building No. 8 Ulaanbaatar Mongolia

Postal address:

WHO Representative Post Box - 663 Ulaanbaatar-13, Mongolia

Telephone number:

(976) 11-327870
(976) 11-322430

Fax number:

(976) 11-324683

Office hours:

0830 - 1700 hours (Monday to Friday)

Email:

who.mog@wpro.who.int

Website:

http://www.wpro.who.int/mongolia

Ministry of Health

Address:

Government building-8, Olympic Street-2, Ulaanbaatar-210648, Mongolia

Telephone number:
(976) 11-260392

Fax number:

(976) 11-320916

Website:
http://www.moh.mn/

Sources

Additional information

Mongolia Statistical Yearbook 2009. National Statistics Office of Mongolia

 

Statistics

Population (in thousands) ( 2010 ) 2780.75
Population aged 5-14 years (%) ( 2010 ) 17.26
Life expectancy at birth (years) ( 2010 ) 68.05
Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 live births) ( 2010 ) 24.6
Total health expenditure as % of GDP ( 2009 ) 3.6
General government health expenditure as % of total government expenditure ( 2009 ) 8.7
Human development index ( 2010 ) 0.622
Per capita GDP at current market prices (US$) ( 2009 ) 1550.9
Population below national poverty line (%) ( 2006 ) 36.1
Literacy rate among adults aged >= 15 years (%) ( 2010 ) 98.3
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births) ( 2010 ) 45.5
Proportion of the population using improved drinking water source ( 2008 ) 76
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) ( 2008 ) 50