The General Population Census of 2008 put Cambodia’s population at 13.4 million by March 2008. The population density is 75 per square kilometre. The male-to-female ratio is gradually normalizing after the distortions caused by 30 years of war during the last century. The average household size is 4.7 people, with 80% of the population living in rural areas. The median age in 2008 was 21 years, about four years more than in 1998.
Mainly due to a decline in early mortality, life expectancy increased in the period from 1998 to 2008 from 52.0 to 60.5 years for males and from 56.0 to 64.3 for females. The total fertility rate dropped from 4.0 births per woman in 2000 to 3.4 in 2005 and decreased further to 3.0 in 2010, achieving the Cambodian Millennium target for 2010, predominantly as a result of a decline in fertility among rural women. The annual population growth rate between 1998 and 2008 declined from 2.5% to 1.5%. Overall, one in every two currently married women use contraceptives, with 35% using modern methods. However, over half currently married women are in need of family planning. The Cambodian Demographic Health Survey (CDHS) 2005 concluded that both education and wealth have an effect on fertility. The interval between births is relatively long, at a median of 36.8 months. The preliminary results of the CDHS 2010 show a decrease in the infant and child mortality rates and continued progress in maternal care, exclusive breastfeeding and immunization, but almost unchanged nutrition rates, compared with 2005.
Country health information profile
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Cambodia, formerly an Associate Member of the French Union, joined WHO on 17 May 1950. The country gained its independence in 1954 when French Indochina was dissolved. The complex history of Cambodia in the 1970s and 1980s was reflected in the names of the State as these appeared in the records of the Regional Committee meetings. Until 1970, representatives from this country came from Khmer Republic (from 1971 to 1974); the Democratic Kampuchea (in 1980, 1987 and 1988); and finally, from Cambodia (from 1992 to present). There was no representation (1975–1979; 1982–1986; and 1989–1991) under the Khmer Rouge-controlled Government of the Democratic Kampuchea.
The Phonm Penh (Cambodia)-based WHO Country Liaison Office was administered by the WHO Representative in Saigon (Viet Nam) from 1956 to April 1962 when the WHO Representative Office in Phonm Penh, Cambodia was established. The Office closed in May 1975 when the country was in abeyance. In 1991, the WHO Liaison Office for Cambodia re-opened in Phnom Penh, and in 1992, its designation was changed once again to the WHO Representative Office.
WHO Country Office
1st Floor No. 61-64, Preah Norodom Blvd. (corner St. 306) Sangkat Boeung Keng Kang I Khan Chamkamorn Phnom Penh Cambodia
World Health Organization P.O.Box 1217 Phnom Penh, Cambodia
07.30 - 12.00 14.00 - 17.30 (Monday - Friday) 09.00 - 11.30 (Saturday - only skeleton staff depending on requirements)
Ministry of Health
No. 151-153 Avenue Kampuchea Krom Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Telephone number:(855-23) 722 933
(855 23) 426 034 / 426 841
|Population (in thousands) ( 2008 )||13395.7|
|Population aged 5-14 years (%) ( 2008 )||23.45|
|Life expectancy at birth (years) ( 1998 )||56|
|Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 live births) ( 2010 )||54|
|Total health expenditure as % of GDP ( 2009 )||5.92|
|General government health expenditure as % of total government expenditure ( 2009 )||7.46|
|Human development index ( 2010 )||0.494|
|Per capita GDP at current market prices (US$) ( 2011 )||851.5|
|Population below national poverty line (%) ( 2006 )||35|
|Literacy rate among adults aged >= 15 years (%) ( 2008 )||77.6|
|Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births) ( 2010 )||206|
|Proportion of the population using improved drinking water source ( 2008 )||61|
|Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) ( 2008 )||29|