Hong Kong (China)


Hong Kong (China)
This map is an approximation of actual country borders.

Hong Kong (China) had an estimated mid-year population of 7 067 800 in 2010, representing an increase of 0.9% over mid-2009. There were 881 males for every 1000 females. The population density was 6540 persons per square kilometre, and about 94.8% of the population were city dwellers. Both births and the inflow of one-way permit holders from mainland China were important constituents of the overall population increase. The population are 95% ethnic Chinese, the major non-Chinese ethnic groups being Filipinos and Indonesians.

In 2010, life expectancy at birth was 80.0* years for males and 85.9* years for females, while the registered crude birth rate was 12.5 per 1000 population and the registered crude death rate was 6.0* per 1000. The total fertility rate was 1.1* known live births per woman.

As a result of increasing life expectancy, Hong Kong's population has been ageing steadily. In 2010, 12.9% were aged 65 years and above (10.9% in 2000), while those aged 14 and below made up 12.1% of the population (16.9% in 2000).

There was one* registered maternal death in 2010. The number of registered infant deaths was 140* and the infant mortality rate was 1.6* per 1000 registered live births. The under-five mortality rate was 2.2* per 1000 registered live births.

Note: * Provisional figure.

In May 1953, Hong Kong (China), formerly Hong Kong SAR, China, was assigned to the Western Pacific Region at the Sixth World Health Assembly ''without prejudice to any questions regarding its sovereignty'' as an area. It was under the British administration until 30 June 1997. From the fortieth session of the Regional Committee in 1989 to the forty-seventh in 1996, Hong Kong attended sessions of the Regional Committee under its own name. With effect from the forty-eighth session in 1997, Hong Kong has attended the Regional Committee as Hong Kong SAR (China).

The Regional Office was placed temporarily in Hong Kong (China) from August 1950 to July 1951.

Hong Kong (China) was covered by the WHO Representative Office in Taipei, China (Taiwan) from 1959 until it was closed on 30 June 1972. In 1972, the responsibility over Hong Kong was transferred to the Western Pacific Regional Office under the Office of the Director, Programme Management.

All communications about the WHO programme of collaboration with Hong Kong (China) should be directed to Director, Programme Management, WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific.

WHO Country Office

Office address:

Director, Programme Management
World Health Organization
Regional Office for the Western Pacific
United Nations Avenue P.O. Box 2932, 1000 Manila, the Philippines

Telephone number:

(632) 5288 001
(632) 3031 000

Fax number:

(632) 5260 279

Office hours:




Department of Health


21/F Wu Chung House, 213 Queen?s Road East, Wan Chai, Hong Kong

Telephone number:
(852) 29618989

Fax number:

(852) 28360071




Additional information

Census and Statistics Department, HKSARG. Department of Health, HKSARG
Census and Statistics Department, HKSARG. Department of Health, HKSARG. Food and Health Bureau, HKSARG.
Census and Statistics Department, HKSARG



Population (in thousands) ( 2011 ) 7071.6
Population aged 5-14 years (%) ( 2011 ) 8.12
Life expectancy at birth (years) ( 2000 ) 80
Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 live births) ( 2011 ) 2.4
Total health expenditure as % of GDP ( 2007 ) 5
General government health expenditure as % of total government expenditure ( 2007 ) 15.28
Human development index ( 2010 ) 0.862
Per capita GDP at current market prices (US$) ( 2011 ) 35156.35
Population below national poverty line (%) not available
Literacy rate among adults aged >= 15 years (%) ( 2011 ) 94.95
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births) ( 2011 ) 1.05
Proportion of the population using improved drinking water source ( 2010 ) 100
Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) ( 2010 ) 99