The population of Cook Islands decreased between 1996 and 2001 due to outmigration, but then began to increase again, with an estimated 23 300 people in 2010. Around 28.6% are below 15 years of age and about 7.9% are 65 years and above.
In 2009, overall life expectancy at birth was estimated at 72 years: 70 years for men and 73 years for women. The crude birth rate was 23.8 per 1000 population, and the crude death rate 8.1 per 1000 resident population in 2010.
Country health information profile
WHO Country Cooperation Strategy (CCS)
In May 1953, before its independence, Cook Islands was assigned to the Western Pacific Region at the Sixth World Health Assembly ''without prejudice to any questions regarding sovereignty'' as an area. On 4 August 1965, it became a self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand. It joined the World Health Organization on 9 May 1984 as a Member State followed by the establishment of its Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1983.
The WHO Representative Office in the South Pacific covered Cook Islands from 1956 to 1986, when the WHO Representative Office in Samoa was established to cover the American Samoa, Cook Islands, Niue, Samoa and Tokelau.
WHO Country Office
Ioane Viliamu Building Beach Road Apia Western Samoa
P.O. Box 77 Apia, Western Samoa
(685) 24-976 (direct line)
08.00 - 12.00 13.00 - 17.00 (Monday to Friday)
Ministry of Health
P.O. Box 109, Avarua Rarotonga, Cook Islands
(682) 22664 (Hospital), (682) 29664 (Admin)
(682) 22670 (Hospital), (682) 23109 (Admin)
|Estimated Population ('000s) ( 2010 )||23.3|
|Percentage of Population 5-14 years old ( 2010 )||19.39|
|Life expectancy at birth (years) ( 2009 )||72|
|Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 livebirths) ( 2009 )||7.1|
|Total health expenditure as % of GDP ( 2009 )||4.5|
|General gov't expenditure on health as % of total general gov't expenditure ( 2009 )||10.6|
|Human development index ( 1998 )||0.82|
|Per capita GDP (US$) at current market prices ( 2009 )||10298|
|Population below national poverty line|| not available
|Adult literacy rate (%) ( 2009 )||100|
|Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 livebirths) ( 2009 )|| not available
|Proportion of population with sustainable access to improved water source ( 2006 )||95|
|Proportion of population with access to improved sanitation ( 2008 )||100|