The population of Brunei Darussalam is estimated to have been 406 200 in 2009, and is increasing at a rate of 2.0% per annum. With an area of 5765 square kilometres, the country’s population density is 70 persons per square kilometre, although 75.2% of the population are considered urban.
The population comprises 215 000 (52.9%) males and 191 200 (47.1%) females, giving a gender ratio of 112 males per 100 females. The demographic structure is essentially that of a young population; about 8.5% are under five years of age, 26.1% are under 15 years, and only 3.4% are 65 years or over.
Brunei Darussalam has a multi-ethnic population, with Malays, comprising 66.3%, the predominant ethnic community, and Chinese, with 11.0%, the next major group. Other races and expatriates make up the rest of the population.
In 2009, life expectancy at birth was 77.1 years for males and 78.3 years for females. The crude birth rate had increased slightly from 16.1 in 2008 to 16.3 per 1000 population in 2009, and the crude death rate was 2.9 per 1000 population, increasing from 2.7 in 2008. The total fertility rate had remained at 1.7 children per woman of reproductive age since 2007.
Country health information profile
- You may find the 2012 and/or latest available data in the Data and Analytics section of the Health Information and Intelligence Platform.
News and press releases
Brunei Darussalam was under the rule of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and the Northern Ireland before joining WHO in May 1953. At the Sixth World Health Assembly, Brunei Darussalam was assigned to the Western Pacific Region as an area, ''without prejudice to any questions regarding sovereignty''. On 1 January 1984, it gained its full independence and sovereignty from the United Kingdom, and on 25 March 1985, Brunei Darussalam joined WHO as a Member State.
Brunei Darussalam was covered by the WHO Representative Office in Singapore from May 1956 until 1964 when the WHO Rerepesentative Office was transferred to Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
WHO Country Office
World Health Organization 1st Floor, Wisma UN, Block C, Komplek Pejabat Damansara, Jalan Dungun, Damansara Heights 50490 Kuala Lumpur,Malaysia
P.O. Box 12550 50782 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
(603) 20939908; (603) 20921184
08.00 - 12.00 13.00 - 16.30 (Monday to Friday)
Ministry of Health
Jalan Menteri Besar Bandar Seri Begawan BB3910 Brunei Darussalam
Telephone number:(673) 238 1640
(673) 238 1440 / 238 0128
|Population (in thousands) ( 2011 )||393.16|
|Population aged 5-14 years (%) ( 2011 )||16.9|
|Life expectancy at birth (years) ( 2011 )||78.9|
|Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 live births) ( 2011 )||10|
|Total health expenditure as % of GDP ( 2009 )||2.91|
|General government health expenditure as % of total government expenditure ( 2009 )||6.79|
|Human development index ( 2010 )||0.805|
|Per capita GDP at current market prices (US$) ( 2011 )||41541.9|
|Population below national poverty line (%)|| not available
|Literacy rate among adults aged >= 15 years (%) ( 2011 )||96.7|
|Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births) ( 2011 )|| not available
|Proportion of the population using improved drinking water source ( 2008 )||99.9|
|Population using improved sanitation facilities (%) ( 2002 )||80|