Child and adolescent health

Essential package of child survival

Micronutrient supplementation

For the reduction of child mortality, the most important micronutrient supplementation is vitamin A, given every six months for children aged 6-59 months. Micronutrient supplementation of the mother, including iron and folic acid provided through antenatal care and vitamin A given in the postnatal period may be determined by national guidelines. Improved diets including fortification and supplementation of food are necessary to achieve appropriate micronutrient levels for children and mothers.