The Republic of Indonesia HiT (2017)

The first health system in transition (HiT) review of Indonesia highlights the significant improvement in the overall health status of Indonesian over the last 25 years. However, the country faces remaining and foreseeing challenges in communicable diseases and emerging NCDs. The HiT concludes with the future challenges of expanding coverage of National health insurance scheme (JKN), reducing regional disparities in health-care services, managing resources and engaging private sector.

Health System Responses to Population Ageing and NCDs in Asia

Globally, the number of people aged 60 years and over is expected to double by 2050. The APO’s Comparative Country Studies on Health System Responses to Population Ageing and Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs) in Asia highlights that the projected increase in the number of older people, along with the rapid rise in the prevalence of lifestyle risk factors, will contribute to the increase in NCDs in the region.

Fiji Living HiT

The APO released the Fiji Living HiT to reflect the recent health reforms in the country, including service organization and planning, financing, human resources, and service delivery. Fiji attempted two waves of reforms with the initial wave between 1999 to 2004 and a second one ongoing since 2009. This living HiT attempts to capture those two waves of reform and the intervening recentralization period.

The Asia Pacific Observatory on Health Systems and Policies (the APO) is a collaborative partnership of interested governments, international agencies, foundations, and researchers that promotes evidence-informed health system policy regionally and in all countries in the Asia Pacific region.

The APO:

  • • Collaboratively identifies priority health system issues across the Asia Pacific region;
  • • Develops and synthesizes relevant research to support and inform countries’ evidence-based policy   development; and
  • • Builds country and regional health systems research and evidence-informed policy capacity.

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Contact Information

Asia Pacific Observatory on Health Systems and Policies
WHO Office for the South-East Asia Region
World Health House
Indraprastha Estate
Mahatma Gandhi Marg
New Delhi, India 110 002

Telephone: +91-11-23370804, 23370809-11