Thailand HiT Policy Note

Ever since it achieved Universal Health Coverage in 2002, Thailand has had high levels of financial risk protection. The entire population is protected from financial hardship when they need to use services and the incidence of catastrophic health expenditure and medical impoverishment has consistently declined to a very low level in this period.

Strategic Purchasing in China, Indonesia and the Philippines

Despite the important role of purchasing in health systems performance, there is very limited empirical evidence on purchasing arrangements in the lower middle income countries. The APO’s comparative country studies examines strategic purchasing arrangements in China, Indonesia and the Philippines.

Thai language version of the Thailand HiT

The Thai language version of the Kingdom of Thailand Health System in Transition review, which was launched on 25 June 2015 in Nonthaburi, Thailand, is now available online.


The Asia Pacific Observatory on Health Systems and Policies (the APO) is a collaborative partnership of interested governments, international agencies, foundations, and researchers that promotes evidence-informed health system policy regionally and in all countries in the Asia Pacific region.

The APO:

  • • Collaboratively identifies priority health system issues across the Asia Pacific region;
  • • Develops and synthesizes relevant research to support and inform countries’ evidence-based policy   development; and
  • • Builds country and regional health systems research and evidence-informed policy capacity.